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Diet and Exercise Tips for Gestational Diabetic

Diet Recommendations:

  • Eat 3 small meals and 3 snacks every day.
  • Follow the food plan that was reviewed with you by your Doctor or through the Diabetes Class.
  • Limit the carbohydrates (pasta, bread, rice, potatoes, fruit and milk).
  • Always read food labels—Select foods that are low in sugar if possible (less than or equal to 5grams per serving). Each serving of milk, yogurt or fruit has 11-15 grams of sugar.
  • Low in fat (less than or equal to 3 grams per serving)
  • High in fiber (dietary fiber greater than or equal to 3 grams per serving)
  • Lower in salt (less than or equal to 200mg per serving)
  • Wait at least 2 to 3 hours between all meals and snacks
  • DO NOT SKIP SNACKS, these are a very important part of your diet plan and will help you keep your blood sugars at a normal range. Skipping snacks can actually lead to high blood sugars.
  • Remember to record your fasting blood sugars and 1 hour after each meal and bring to your appointments for reviewing.


Exercise Recommendations:

  • Exercising regularly can help keep your blood sugars normal and may decrease your need for insulin or medications.
  • Always exercise after you have had a meal/snack. If you have a choice, morning after breakfast is best. If you take insulin, always check your blood sugar before exercising
  • A little exercise (1/2 hour walk) each day is better than occasional exercise (once a week).
  • Avoid strenuous exercise and excessive heat.
  • Do not perform any exercise while flat on your back after the fourth month of pregnancy.
  • Take frequent breaks and drink plenty of fluids.
  • Consult Dr Hardy or the nurse practitioner before beginning any new exercise program.